Ancient Pergamon Library

Library of Pergamum

The Forgotten Library of Pergamum

The Library of Pergamum was the second largest library after the Library of Alexandria. Laura Rodríguez explains why it is missing from our history textbooks today and her opinion about how these old libraries revolutionised our world

Pergamum, now the modern Turkish city of Bergama, was one of the most important cities of Hellenistic Greece. Hellenistic Greece is the time period after the death of Alexander the Great till Greece’s downfall against the Roman empire. There was a culturally rich, extensive library founded by King Eunemes II in the city of Pergamum. This city had gained popularity as an administrative centre. The library of Pergamum was located on the northern end of this fortified city.

Bergama Ancient Pergamon Library
Pergamum was located in the present day Bergama in Turkey (Google Maps)

Plutarch, a Greek biographer and essayist, wrote that the library had a total of 200,000 volumes. There is no catalogue to ascertain the number of books that survives from that period. But it it is believed that Plutarch’s account is indeed true. Due to its 200,000 books, this library was the second most important after Alexandria and rivalled the latter, as Pliny the Elder, Roman author and natural philosopher, pointed out in his “Natural History”. It had a grammar school, but unlike Alexandria, where they specialised in the literary and critical texts, in Pergamun they leaned towards philosophy, especially the stoic Philosophy.

There was such a rivalry between both these libraries, tradition tells us that the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt stopped the shipment of papyrus to Pergamum in the hope of putting the growth of the library to an end. But it didn’t help; the city turned parchment into substitute for papyrus and also became the centre for the production of parchment. Parchment is derived form the Pergamum which comes from Latin word pergamenum and the French word parchemin. Read more about Library of Pergamum

reading mania

Reading Mania

The scandalous Reading Mania

When books Cast their Spell on the World

reading mania

History Repeats Itself, this I believe. And let me tell you why.

In this world of social media staying away from it is like missing out on the latest news. Your interests might lie in any topic, social media is the best to get all the information as fast as possible. Newspapers and magazines always  seem to be an hour too late.

In this tech savvy world haven’t we all been in the situation when we have been warned- Social Media is bad, phones are bad, technology is bad. It’ll spoil your eyes, get you depressed, make you feel lonely and on and on. Yet these ‘harmful’ incidences are one in thousands, not seen everyday. These incidences are reports from the print media and this media is dying out. It makes one wonder, how much of these warnings are true?

This is not the first time big ‘influencers’ have used their powers to tell adult minds jargon against what their children are doing. The first of these cases started in the 17th century when influential law makers, thinkers decided that books were injurious to health. Read more about Reading Mania

HP Lovecraft

H.P. Lovecraft

Brandon Carnes runs an Instagram account based on the history and specifically military history of the Habsburg Empire. His favourite author is the famous horror novelist HP Lovecraft. He loves all of his works. This is a short review about the book titled ‘Outsiders and Others.’- Read more about H.P. Lovecraft

Gutenberg Movable Printing Press

Movable Printing Press

How One Man Changed the World 500 years ago with technology we still use today

This is the real impact of the Printing Press and here is how it works

Social Media Icons
Social Media– Not the first revolution

We are consuming online media like never before. I can also say that today’s netizens come in contact with so much of information online that we are full of it. Think about it, Snapchat is all video content, Instagram is picture content, Twitter is small to the point content, Facebook is pictures, video and written content, Wattpad is stories content and YouTube is video content; and of all these I am naming just a few. Before you think I sound like a social media marketing guru let us go back and think what we’ve done during the day. Haven’t we consumed some kind of data?

The online media is indeed revolutionary and has changed the field of marketing, advertising and business yet there is one invention which gave birth to the information we know today and it wasn’t the internet. Read more about Movable Printing Press

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Women Aviators

Revolutionary Women In Aviation

Waking up to a surprising find in history today takes us down the memory lane 

Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan
The new picture which shows Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan

We woke up to a very surprising news today. This news seems to have solved many mysteries in one of the most famous disappearance cases. I am talking about Amelia Earhart. For those of you who don’t know who she is, Amelia Earhart was one of the many pioneers for women in aviation. She was born in 1897 and became an advocate for women’s rights and an author. She was also a pilot with big dreams. Amelia’s ultimate dream was to circumvent the earth via a plane.

On March 17, 1937 Amelia set off on her expedition around the world. Unfortunately something went wrong with the plane and the expedition was called off. But she wasn’t about to give up. Her second attempt took flight on 1st June 1937 from Miami, USA. Unfortunately for her on 2nd June 1937 she went missing. Her body nor her navigator’s body was ever found. The passengers along with the plane had disappeared into thin air.  Read more about Women Aviators